Cluj is located in the northwestern region of Transylvania. Cluj-Napoca, commonly known as Cluj, is the second most populous city in Romania, behind the national capital Bucharest, and is the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country. Geographically, it is roughly equidistant from Bucharest (438 km), Budapest (351 km) and Belgrade (322 km). Located in the Someşul Mic River valley, the city is considered the unofficial capital to the historical province of Transylvania. Between 1790 and 1848 and between 1861 and 1867, it was the official capital of the Grand Principality of Transylvania.
The city has a population of 325,000 inhabitants, while the residents of the metropolitan area are more than 400,000. However, this number does not include the floating population of students: as ClujNapoca is today one of the most important academic and cultural centres in Romania, hosting 6 statefunded universities and 3 private ones, there is an average of over 60,000 students. The city of Cluj, Kolozsvár in Hungarian, Klausenburg in German, spreads out from St. Michael’s Church in the Union Square, built in the 14th century and named after the Archangel Michael, its patron saint. It gradually gained an important political, economic and cultural position within the province of Transylvania, being a multicultural city with a diverse cultural and religious life.
A vibrant and pleasant city today, with reasonably priced accommodation and dining in the centre area – within 5-15 minutes’ walk from the “Babeş-Bolyai” University central building –, a wonderful historical legacy and a great atmosphere, Cluj-Napoca also has a diverse and growing cultural scene, with cultural life exhibited in a number of fields, including the visual arts, performing arts and nightlife.
How to get there:
Getting to Cluj-Napoca is easy due to its position and its status as a major city in Romania.
By plane: The International Airport of Cluj-Napoca (CLJ), http://airportcluj.ro/ , located 9 kilometres (5.6 miles) to the east of the city centre, is offering direct flights to Bucharest, Prague, Munich, Vienna, Warsaw, Istanbul (provided by TAROM, Turkish Airlines, LOT, Lufthansa, Austrian), and Paris-Beauvais, London-Luton, Brussels-Charleroi, Eindhoven, Dortmund, Bergamo, Bologna, Rome, Treviso, Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia, Zaragosa, and Tel Aviv (provided by Wizzair – a low-cost company), and many other destinations.
By train: There are train connections to most Romanian cities, including fast InterCity connections to Oradea, Arad, Timisoara, Brasov, Sighisoara and Bucharest. Many trains to Budapest leave early in the morning.
By car/coach: Cluj-Napoca has good road connections European road E60 links it to Bucharest and Brasov to the south, Oradea and Budapest to the west, through Bors customs. E81 leads to Zalau and Satu Mare to the north, Brasov and Bucharest to the south. E58 links Cluj-Napoca to Dej, Bistrita, Baia Mare and Vatra Dornei.
What to see and visit in Cluj-Napoca: Google Maps